Red Bank Group Tackles Gerrymandering

first_imgRED BANK — How state and legislative districts are drawn – seemingly to protect the elected legislators rather than to accommodate constituents – has become the latest cause célèbre undertaken by a local activist group.The Greater Red Bank Women’s Initiative is working to bring about what it hopes will be more logically drawn geographic legislative districts for the future and minimizing politics in the redistricting process.“The more we looked at this issue, the more we felt that, while it would take time, for the future of voting in this country and to truly have people’s vote count, this is an issue that needs to be tackled,” said Ellen Herman, a Red Bank resident who is the initiative co-founder and also chairs the organization’s voting committee.This election season the Initiative began tackling the issue of gerrymandering – the process of drawing districts for the benefit of the officeholder or the holder’s political party. The group started by collecting signatures on a petition, getting about 1,200 names, and calling upon all of the candidates running in statewide elections this year to support an amendment to the state Constitution to change the way districts are drawn. The petition seeks to establish an independent, nonpartisan body that would create a set of criteria for drafting the districts.Congressional and state legislative districts are redrafted every 10 years, following the U.S. Census counts detailing population shifts. The districts are drawn and approved by state legislatures, supposedly taking into account those population changes. But the process has come under strong criticism that officials are really protecting their and their parties’ self interest, drawing the maps in a way that ensures their re-election. “We are kind of saying both parties are guilty of this gerrymandering,” Herman said.The next U.S. Census will be in 2020 with the redistricting process occurring after the census is completed.Others have argued that this alleged subversion of the process has compounded the extreme partisanship witnessed in the U.S. Congress. Incumbents, some noted, don’t worry about general election contests, but only fear primary challenges from their parties’ more extreme flanks; that, some say, discourages the incumbents from reaching across the aisle to the opposing side to make compromises, creating even more gridlock.The way districts are being drawn, “leaves the voters out in the cold in terms of holding elected officials accountable,” said Dan Vicuna, national redistricting manager for Common Cause, a national public policy watchdog group, headquartered in Washington, D.C.The Women’s Initiative had sent out its petition to hundreds of candidates across the state. The response, however, was less than encouraging, Herman acknowledged.“The response has been very, very small,” she said, adding they really only heard from third party candidates. “I was especially disappointed to not hear back from the gubernatorial candidates,” Herman said, given the role the governor plays in the process. The governor eventually has to sign off on the redistricting.The Initiative has decided to ramp up its efforts on this issue, with Herman indicating the organization is looking to partner with statewide organizations to hold officials accountable. “Hopefully, once this is brought statewide and the numbers are much larger,” in response to the petition, she said, “we may force people to speak to this issue.”“This is something that the organization feels strongly about. I feel strongly about it,” Herman said.This issue reaches well beyond New Jersey. “There is a lot of concern,” Common Cause’s Vicuna observed. “There are a lot of activists around the country who see gerrymandering as the root of why politics are broken.”There are those working on a ballot initiative in Ohio and in Michigan there are efforts to bring an independent citizens’ redistricting commission to the state, with similar efforts underway in Utah, Vicuna said.During its current session, the U.S. Supreme Court is scheduled to hear a case involving Wisconsin’s state Assembly redistricting and whether the gerrymandering went so far as to violate voters’ constitutional rights.“The baseline requirement of democracy is that the voters can hold politicians accountable on Election Day; that the people can choose their politicians, not the other way around,” Vicuna said, “and that’s what’s happening here.”The Greater Red Bank Women’s Initiative is an issues-based organization founded by Herman and Suellen Sims following the 2016 presidential election, because they were unhappy with the rhetoric and planned policies. Despite what its political leanings appear to be, Herman maintained, “I’d like to think of us as an organization that’s open and welcome to anyone who has an interest in the issues we pursue.”The group has grown to approximately 600, according to Herman.This article was first published in the Nov. 16-23, 2017 print edition of the Two River Times. By John Burton |last_img read more

Jamaica rekindle hopes in WICB Under-19 tourney

first_imgJamaica rekindled their hopes of making it to the final of the WICB Under-19 Championship with a 23 runs win over the Leewards Islands in their fifth and penultimate-round clash at Jamalco yesterday.Jamaica, having entered the contest in fourth position in the seven-team standings, first posted a competitive 267 for six off their allotted 50 overs.The Robert Samuels-coached Jamaicans then returned to restrict the Leewards to 244 with 13 balls remaining.Leading the way for Jamaica when they batted were Leonardo Friginette, opener Abijhai Mansingh, and captain Michael Frew, who all scored half centuries.Friginette, batting at number three, hit a top score of 60; Mansingh helped to lay a platform with 53; while Frew towards the end, chipped in with 56.Tyrone Williams, with four for 53, claimed the most wickets for the losers.Miguel Smith, four for 53Needing to win to keep any hopes of qualifying alive, Jamaica were then led in the field by Miguel Smith, four for 53, and front-line pacer Odean Smith, three for 47.This was against opener Alzarri Joseph, who got 97, and Kofi James, who chipped in with 33.In other matches, the marquee clash between Guyana and the Windward Islands saw the former coming out on top by 85 runs.Guyana first tallied 257 all out off 49.5 overs before returning to limit the Windwards for 172 off 39.3 overs.Meanwhile, at Manchester High, out-of-contention Barbados defeated Canada by 151 runs.Barbados netted 272 for four off the allotment of overs before returning to bowl out the Canadians for 121.The preliminary round of the tournament is set to come to an end today, with Jamaica playing Barbados at Chedwin Park being the feature.The other games will see front-runner Trinidad and Tobago tackling the Leewards at Ewarton, while Guyana and Canada will do battle at Manchester High.The final between the top two preliminary-round finishers will be played at Treasure Beach Sports Park, St Elizabeth.last_img read more

Sherwin Williams to decide on women’s sponsorship next year

first_imgManaging director of Sherwin Williams Limited, Ian Forbes, says his company is committed to women’s football in Jamaica, but are undecided on whether they will be back as sponsors of the Sherwin Williams Women’s League next season.Sherwin Williams has been involved as sponsors for the past 14 years. However, speaking at the awards ceremony yesterday at the JFF’s offices in New Kingston, Forbes said the paint company will make an announcement by late February.”Resources are not unlimited, so one has to look at the organisation and see what can be done. We are going through the process of evaluation, and then (we will) make a decision by late February (2016),” Forbes told The Gleaner.Meanwhile, Barbican FC walked away with the majority of the awards at yesterday’s ceremony. Barbican won the Sherwin Williams League for the eighth consecutive year and the Colourscape Knockout for the third straight year.The Charles Edward-coached team won $400,000 for the league; while beaten finalists Waterhouse received $250,000; G.C. Foster earned $140,000 for third place; and Los Perfectos took home $100,000 for fourth spot.Rochelle Bryan of Barbican was voted the Most Valuable Player for the season, while her teammate, Tasheka Small, was MVP for the final. The top goalscorer award was shared by Venecia Reid of G.C. Foster, Rashana Palache (Los Perfectos) and Kenesha Reid of Barbican, with 17 goals each.Top goalkeeper was Abbigayle Palmer of Barbican, while Charles Edwards was voted coach of the year. All awardees collected cash prizes and trophies.In the Colourscape KO, Barbican collected the winning trophy and $100,000; Waterhouse won $60,000 for second place; Los Perfectos received $40,000 for third; while G.C. Foster earned $20,000 for fourth spot. Barbican’s Kenesha Reid was the top goalscorer and MVP of the final.last_img read more

Government is now desperate and scared (Pt 2)

first_imgDear Editor,Editor, I have listened carefully to the venomous statements made by PNCR Central Executive Member, Aubrey Norton who chaired a low-level press conference a few days ago. Clutching at straws, he accused former AFC Parliamentarian Charrandas Persaud of taking a bribe from Bharrat Jagdeo and the PPP for voting according to his conscience. This is so ludicrous; I challenge anyone to produce hard evidence. In his interview with the press, Charrandas was asked if he was paid by the PPP to which he replied that he was paid by Parliament Office for traveling expense as other MPs are entitled to.This lie was started by an APNU letter-writer Rickford Burke, in a missive to the editor, and is now being parroted by the PNC/APNU to maliciously spread false rumors, as I’m convinced that the PNC will not allow this care-taker Government to resign. It is this very arrogant behavior and bullyism that caused Charrandas to vote his according to conscience on December 21.The APNU+AFC is now desperate and scared of the outcome, behaving like rats running wild on a sinking ship. They’ve grown so accustomed to the good life, they simply can’t return to living an ordinary life now.Going to court will not help them either. The Guyana Bar Association has already issued a statement supporting the validity of the Motion which reads in part, “The Bar Council rejects as erroneous such contentions that the motion was not properly passed or that the vote is, for any reason, invalid”. But as we have seen before, Government is again shamelessly exercising its power, trampling on the Constitution to hang on to power.It was reported that if Government fails to get the Speaker of the National Assembly to respond favorably to its concerns about the validity of the no-confidence motion against it, it will take the matter to court. But what is there for the Speaker to review? Nothing new has come up to compel the Speaker to reverse his decision, and the Clerk of the National Assembly, Mr Sherlock Isaacs has already confirmed the validity of our motion in writing. Of course, they’re hoping that the judiciary will save them. But the judiciary will place itself on trial if it attempts to overturn the will of the people and the vote in Parliament. If through some devious means Government is able to pull off a judicial coup, this will not be accepted, and will set a dangerous precedent, one that may well lead to instability and civil unrest… “This time na like lang time.”The judiciary has an obligation to uphold the Constituency of Guyana at all times. I expect it will continue to do so.I suspect some in Government will want to use this opportunity to hustle as much as possible during the period leading up to new elections. I caution, this will be a big mistake. We intend to scrutinise and conduct forensic audits from December 21 to the day we get into office to recover State assets and taxpayers’ money that may disappear. So to avoid any unpleasantness and possible loss of freedom from a visit by a SOCU under new management, I expect this caretaker Government to engage in routine expenditure only. No new contracts to be awarded, no cutting of cheques for use in the new year, and certainly, all fiscal accounts must be closed by December 31, 2018 the latest. You’ve been forewarned!Sincerely,Harry GillPPP/C Member of Parliamentlast_img read more

The European clubs that produce the most homegrown players

first_img 10 10 2. Real Madrid – 47 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – For all of their perceived faults and dictation of the transfer market, there can be no denying that Real Madrid produce some top class players. Los Blancos have brought through some really talented stars and while few of them will get a fair crack of the whip at the Bernabeu, the rest of Europe has certainly benefited. 10 9. Lens – 28 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – France are very well represented in the CIES top 100, with 15 clubs. As such Lens feature highly in this condensed list, although with a respectable 28 players are not Ligue 1’s highest ranked. 5. Paris Saint-Germain –35 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – Another side flying in the face of perception, PSG’s rise to prominence may have come off the back of significant investment, but the Ligue 1 club have still churned out a number of top talents. Joint 10th. Rennes and Stuttgart have each produced 27 footballers playing in Europe’s top flight divisions. Click the arrow to see which clubs have produced even more talent! – We kick off with a tie in tenth spot, with Ligue 1 side Rennes and Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart both boasting 27 current and former charges across the continent’s top tier leagues. 10 10 10 10 6. Arsenal – 33 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – The Gunners have made a habit of bringing through their own players, although a number of those have gone on to either loan spells or permanent moves to lower league sides. Currently though, they have 33 players schooled in their ranks playing in a European top-flight league. 10 10 7. Bayern Munich – 32 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – The highest-ranked German club, it’s perhaps a little surprising to see Bayern munich this far down the list. The reigning Bundesliga champions are blessed with one of the continent’s finest academies, although the steady stream of top talent looks to have slowed a bit. 4. Manchester United – 39 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – The Red Devils’ famed academy may not be producing quite the level or volume of player it once did, but as this season has shown, there are still a number of highly capable young men emerging. The issue of homegrown talent is one that is being taken more and more seriously in European football, but things still need to improve in a number of countries to safeguard the development of future talent.Hundreds of clubs around the continent pride themselves on their academies and the amount of players they have produced, but who have produced the most?The CIES Football Observatory have investigated, and by focusing on players who have been at a side for at least three seasons between the ages of 15 and 21, have come up with a definitive list of the European top flight teams who boast the most.Perhaps unsurprisingly, Ajax top the charts with 77 current and former charges operating in across Europe’s top flight leagues at present, with Partizan Belgrade close behind with 74.But of football’s ‘big five’ leagues (Premier League, La Liga, Bundesliga, Ligue 1, Serie A), who are the best?Click the arrow above to see… 8. Monaco – 30 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – Despite propelling themselves back into the bracket of European elite with their eye-watering spending, nouveau riche Monaco have still developed a respectable number of players – 30 in fact – who are operating at the highest level. 3. Lyon – 40 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – Lyon’s fall and rise has been one of the more enthralling stories of European football in recent years and now the club are heading in the right direction buoyed by some incredible homegrown players, such a striker Alexandre Lacazette. 10 1. Barcelona – 57 club produced players playing in Europe’s top flights – Top of the tree by far though are Barcelona, a club whose academy is one of the finest in football. The Catalans current side is littered with academy products and while that looks to be slowing slightly, they continue to produce sensational players who are enjoying stellar careers around the continent.last_img read more


first_imgPictured are Team members from R-L Conor Morrison, Lucas Savva, Senan Crawford and Jack Lawler..Four Transition Year students from St. Eunan’s College in Letterkenny have taken their school’s first F1 in team, Sigma Racing into pole position!Each having a keen interest in IT, Social Media and F1 racing the lads had all the necessary skills and interests to enter the competition and represent their school.After finishing second overall in their Regional Finals which took place on the 5th March at G.M.I.T Castlebar, the lads are now through to the National Finals next Tuesday April 30th at Griffith College, Dublin. The Transition year students were among 94 teams from 63 schools across 22 counties to accept the challenge to compete in the latest 2012-13 season of F1 in Schools competition.Reeling after their Regional Final success the boys are now racing towards the National Finals to take place in Griffith College on the 30th of April.The F1 in Schools Technology Challenge is part of an international competition to determine the best-engineered and fastest car in Ireland, with Formula 1 boss Bernie Ecclestone as patron. Open to all secondary schools, the competition challenges students to design and manufacture compressed air-powered racing cars, using the latest of innovative technology and their own bright ideas.The competition inspires students to use IT to learn about physics, aerodynamics, design, manufacture, branding, graphics, sponsorship, marketing, leadership, teamwork, media skills and financial strategy, and apply them in a practical, imaginative, competitive and exciting way. “Being the first team to enter the competition from St. Eunan’s college we have gained an awful amount of valuable experience throughout the competition, which will be a learning curve for us in the later stages of our lives,” said Conor Morrison Marketing Manager of Sigma Racing.“We would like to thank all our sponsors without whom, this project would not be possible.”For more information of F1 in Schools Challenge and to track the progress on ST EUNAN’S COLLEGE STUDENTS REV INTO FORMULA ONE FINAL was last modified: April 22nd, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:ST EUNAN’S COLLEGE STUDENTS REV INTO FORMULA ONE FINALlast_img read more

Liverpool target teenage Ligue 1 right-back

first_imgLiverpool are lining up a move for Lyon’s teen right-back Jordy Gaspar.The 19-year-old is yet to make a senior appearance for the French club but has been involved during pre-season this summer.However, with both Rafael and Christophe Jallet ahead of him in the pecking order, Gaspar knows his first-team opportunities will be limited during the coming campaign.And that has raised questions over his future as he is desperate to play regular senior football.Now L’Equipe has revealed that Liverpool are keeping close tabs on the youngster’s situation in France and could move for him during the transfer window.However, they will face competition from Bayer Leverkusen, who are also aware of Gaspar’s immense potential. 1 Liverpool’s Anfield Stadium last_img read more


first_imgThe Radisson Blu Hotel in Letterkenny is recruiting.The family-run business is looking to recruit both a part-time leisure assistant and a part-time night porter.If you think you have the qualifications necessary to fill the post then either email or send your CV to the Radisson Blu Hotel at Paddy Harte Road, Letterkenny. See the advert below for full details.JOB VACANCIES: THE RADISSON BLU HOTEL, LETTERKENNY IS RECRUITING was last modified: May 19th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:jobsletterkennyRadisson Blu HotelVacancieslast_img read more

Man arrested following major traffic incident at Bridgend Roundabout

first_imgA man has been charged with dangerous driving following a major incident at Bridgend last night.The arrest followed an incident involving three cars at the Bridgend Roundabout.The incident happened just before 10pm when a car collided with a jeep pulling a trailer and another passenger car. There were no serious injuries to those involved in the collision but a number of people were treated for shock at the scene.The man arrested was released on station bail and will appear at Buncrana District Court on November 9th next.Man arrested following major traffic incident at Bridgend Roundabout was last modified: October 16th, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:arrestbridgenddangerous drivingdonegallast_img read more

Evolutionists Scare Presidential Voters

first_imgWhat will doom the United States?  A nuclear war?  Islamic terrorism?  An economic depression?  No: the doomsday agent will be a creationist president, said an AFP article posted on PhysOrg.  It was published internationally as far as Japan and Turkey.    The scare rhetoric came at the launching of an updated book on creationism by the National Academy of Sciences, which seems to have forgotten that their own founding member and second president, Joseph Henry, was a creationist (see August 2007 Scientist of the Month).    Gilbert Omenn and Francisco Ayala, part of the coalition of scientific academies that denounced creationism last week (01/02/2008), repeatedly linked belief in evolution to scientific progress in their remarks:The logic that convinces us that evolution is a fact is the same logic we use to say smoking is hazardous to your health or we have serious energy policy issues because of global warming.  I would worry that a president who didn’t believe in the evolution arguments wouldn’t believe in those other arguments either.  This is a way of leading our country to ruin. [Omenn]Scientific inquiry is not about accepting on faith a statement or scriptural passage.  It’s about exploring nature, so there really is not any place in the science classroom for creationism or intelligent design creationism. [Omenn]We don’t teach astrology as an alternative to astronomy, or witchcraft as an alternative to medicine.  We must understand the difference between what is and is not science.  We must not teach creationism as an alternative to evolution. [Ayala]Omenn added that having religious beliefs is not incompatible with believing in evolution; it’s just that “religion and science are two different ways of knowing about the world.”  He subscribes to the late Stephen Jay Gould’s description of the difference as “non-overlapping magisteria” in that “They might not be incompatible but they don’t overlap each other’s spheres.”  Because of this, he concluded that “Science class should not contain religious attitudes.”    Governor Mike Huckabee’s public confession that he did not believe in evolution provided the lightning rod that occasioned the comments.  The article provided no opportunity for Darwin doubters to respond, but the Discovery Institute, #2, #3 and Answers in Genesis posted responses on their websites.  The AFP press release also made the following judgment without a trial: “The evolution versus creationism debate has crept into American schools and politics, where it is mainly conservative Republicans who espouse the non-scientific belief.”Here we go again; more screaming by the bratty kids (01/02/2008 commentary).  When they cannot get their way with scholarship and reason, they go back to their bad habits of ridicule, fear-mongering, bandwagon, loaded words, false dichotomies, generalities and begging the question.  About the only finding of substance evident in their latest tantrum is that most Darwinists are political liberals.    There is hardly any philosopher of science today, except for card-carrying members of the Darwin Party KGB, who holds to the myth of the warfare between science and religion.  Everyone knows that this was a contrived and distorted viewpoint that was promulgated by Draper and White in the 19th century for less than impartial reasons.  Some, like Lawrence Principe at Johns Hopkins, consider the warfare thesis laughable – even though he is an evolutionist.  He and many others defend the many and substantive contributions made to science by people of strong religious conviction.    Today’s belligerent Darwinists usually rephrase the warfare thesis, like Omenn did above, in euphemistic terms.  “Having religious beliefs is not incompatible with believing in evolution,” they will allow, but the two must never mix.  In their interpretation, this reconstitution of the warfare thesis means something like, “We can’t stop you from believing in fairy tales if you must – just keep them out of the science lab.”  They may even graciously admit that religion is nice (sometimes).  They may showcase People of Fluffy Faith within the Darwin Party.  They are very tolerant of religion so long as Darwin reigns supreme.  As with Plessy vs Ferguson, claims of “separate but equal” usually are contradicted by reality.Parallels.  In the communist Soviet Union, Kruschev gave the Christians a licensed church, in which the sermons were censored and membership tightly controlled, so that he could show off to the press and visiting Western diplomats how tolerant toward religion was the Soviet totalitarian dictatorship.  Of course, he gave the church members not one shred of influence in policy, and apart from the peering eyes of Western reporters, routinely imprisoned pastors and turned unlicensed churches into museums of atheism.  North Korea does the same thing today but is even more brutal.In the modern science vs. religion warfare thesis, religious attitudes are contrasted with scientific facts.  The methods of science, they say, require explanations based purely on natural causes, even if one believes in “God.”  As Phillip Johnson has observed, though, holding to such a principle basically rules out a priori anything for a God to do.  If God is relegated to a nebulous sphere of religious belief as opposed to the world of observation and evidence, then his hands are tied from intervening in the world in any real way – from answering prayer, designing anything, or changing anything.  It’s de facto atheism, notwithstanding their peace pipe offered with the chant that religion can provide a way of “knowing about the world.”  (Johnson has also described the two-platoon strategy of Darwinists when discussing religion, a quote worth re-reading at this time in the 01/14/2002 commentary.)  The Darwinists show tolerance to religion only so long as they can keep an iron grip on the keys to knowledge of the “real” world.  As we illustrated in the 11/05/2006 entry and commentary, this amounts to giving away the toys while keeping the guns.  The person with the guns is the one who really owns the toys.    If the NOMA concept (non-overlapping magisteria, that science and religion are separate, non-overlapping spheres of “knowing about the world”) has you snookered and dumbfounded, take time out for a little re-education.  NOMA is not a statement of science.  It is a statement of philosophy about science.  No discovery in a lab, using any scientific method you wish to define, will establish the veracity of NOMA.  It is a presupposition.  It is a belief that is chosen in advance before any scientific work is done.    Moreover, NOMA is self-refuting.  All philosophers admit that no one comes into the lab with a blank slate free of bias.  Despite the NAS booklet’s claim that science is based on testable evidence instead of faith, every scientist approaches his or her work with presuppositions that are philosophical or religious in nature, and that cannot be defended scientifically.  Even concepts as basic as induction (that what has happened up till now will continue happening in the future), causation (that sequences of experiences constitute cause-and-effect relationships), the correspondence theory of truth (that our experiences correspond to an objective reality), the legitimacy of analogy by modeling (that something I simplify in a model has relevance to the more complex phenomenon I’m investigating) and the progress of knowledge (that scientific methods bring us progressively closer to the “Truth” about reality) are all accepted by – and here is the operative word – FAITH.    A scientist chooses those presuppositions that allow him or her to operate according to the social and traditional norms of what are called “scientific activity.”  In many cases these practices have been extremely productive.  In some, they have not (e.g., cosmology, Darwinism, and repeated overturns of psychology).  The track record of science is of no help here.  Even if you claim that practicing the traditional norms has been useful and productive, you are still espousing philosophy by faith (in this case, pragmatism).  You cannot prove by empirical means that “If it works, it is true.”  This opens up a huge can of worms philosophically that has not been resolved since Socrates.  There are plenty of examples of practices that have been useful but probably false.  Ptolemaic astronomy and alchemy were quite useful in their heyday.    Modern civilization just got through an era of “science wars” in the 1990s that strongly questioned the objectivity of science.  (These battles were completely separate from the critiques of evolution by the intelligent design movement.)  The outcome was more a standoff than a definitive victory by the scientific societies.  What it demonstrated was that the social constructivists and relativists have just as self-refuting a position as the scientific realists.  Neither side had claims to objectivity.  The scientific societies just had more staying power in the ring, not any knockout punch.  Thomas Kuhn and other critics of scientific objectivity by most accounts made some errors and went too far in some cases.  Their criticisms, however, cannot be completely dismissed.  They raised serious and fundamental questions that actually echo philosophical issues debated by the Greeks and by great thinkers throughout the ages – essentially as far back as civilization itself.  The Darwinists bluff their way past these issues, hoping the public will simply trust their claim to have the best way to get at the Truth.  They are like modern secular Magi following the star of their own minds.    In short, the Darwinists define science with presuppositions that are essentially religious in nature and are accepted on faith.  Their characterization of science and religion as non-overlapping spheres is thus a false dichotomy.  Now, ponder for a minute where their so-called scientific presuppositions come from.  What kind of foundational belief system will justify the validity of inductive and deductive reasoning, the perceptibility of causes and effects, the correspondence theory of truth, the regularity of nature, the validity of the laws of logic, and the viability of knowledge gained by human reason and sense experience?  You guessed it—Judeo-Christianity!  You cannot get there from paganism, Buddhism, pantheism, animism, or any of the other ancient world religions or philosophies.  You especially cannot get there from the atheism or evolutionary philosophy held to with such conviction by Omenn and Ayala.  Why?  Because a material, evolving world can neither define nor defend immaterial, eternal, universal concepts like truth, reason or virtue.  If such things evolved, there would be no way to know this; besides, they could un-evolve tomorrow.  Only the Judeo-Christian world view provides the preconditions of intelligibility needed for science.    The surprising conclusion is that the Darwin Party KGB, like an army of the night with their NAS booklets held high (to invert a metaphor from Isaac Asimov), are plagiarizing the Bible in spite of themselves.  If we insisted that they “get their own dirt” (see joke) and build their own philosophical presuppositions from scratch, their entire superstructure of belief would collapse.    This is why we said back in the 01/27/2003 commentary that the Darwin Party’s arguments are like an army of noisy but silly orcs holding their swords backwards by the blades.  The handles are pointed at us and the tips are pointed at their own hearts.  The way to defeat the seemingly insurmountable horde is to simply push on the handles.  It’s an easy job, but it does take personnel.  Without enough people to push on the handles, the few playing defense could be clubbed to death by the sheer number of blunt handles coming at them simultaneously.  The orcs won’t feel the sting of self-refutation unless you help push.  Once their front line sees what is happening to them, they will be forced to lay down their swords and talk surrender.  Orcs are silly, though (due to decades of brainwashing), so expect the casualties to be high before reality dawns on them.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more